Faroole,Faarax Macalin iyo In Ileey oo Ku wajahan Kismaayo.Maxay u socdaan?

25847065Saddexda Ruuxba iyagoo huwan hirgalinta iyo dhiira galinta Siyaasahada Itoobiya iyo Kenya ayay maalmaha soo aadan gaari doonaan Magaalada Kismaayo ee Xarunta Gobalka Jubadda Hoose.

Cabdi  Ileey oo ah Hogaanka Maamulka Kililka Shanaad ee Itoobiya Gumaysato,Hogaanka Puntland oo isna ku jira Gacanta Itoobiya Faroole,iyo Faarax Macalin ayaa dhamaantooda hanbalyo u wada Mid kamid ah Maamulada shanta ah ee ka dhisan Kismaayo.

Sida qorshuhu yahay hadeysan waxba iska badelin xogta sabaax heshay Waxay si gaar ah ugu qayb gali doonaan caleemo saarka Axmed Madoobe oo dhawaan ehelkiisa ku doorteen Kismaayo.

Maamulada Daarood iyo xubnaha ka dhex Muuqda ayaa hab qabiil u taageeraya Dagaal Ooge Axmed Madoobe.

Raggaan haday gaaraan Kismaayo waxay ka dhigantahay in dab shidnaa uu sii xoogaysto maadaam xaalada taagan ay basiin uyihiin.

Faroole ayaa dhawaan Muujiyay Taageeradiisa indha la’aanta ah ee Axmed Madoobe,isagoo ugu baaqay Dowladdu inay la shaqeyso Maamulka Axmed Madoobe.

Dhanka Ina Ileey warqad kasoo baxday Xafiiskiis ayaa Doorashadii Axmed Madoobe ka dib laga arqiyay TV-ga ushaqeeya Maamulkiisa isagoo wacad ku maray inuu dhiig iyo nafba uhorayo difaacifa Maamulka Axmed Madoobe.

Laakin Faarax Macalin Ma uusan hadlin oo waxaa xaqiiqo ah inuu la dhacsanyahay Axmed Madoobe isagoo hab qabiil iyo Dowladda Gumaysiga Kenya ku taageerayo Axmed Madoobe.

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Banaadir Post.

XUKUN BEEN AH IYO XABAAL WADAREED:-Xasuuqa Faroole U Gaystay Dhalinyarada Soomaaliyeed

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BOOSAASO:- Magaalada Boosaaso waxaa lagu xaqsuuqay ugu yaraan 19 Dhalinyaraa, waxaana la sheegayaa in tiradu intaas ka badan tahay, halka Muslimiin kalana laga Dhoofiyey Garoonka Diyaaradaha Magaalada Boosaaso.

Ma’ahan markii ugu horaysay oo Asha-haado ladirir Faroole uu toogto Dhalinyaro Soomaaliyeed,

Waxaa Bishii December 11, Sanadkii 2011 uu ku toogtay Magaalada Garoowe 4 Dhalinyaradaa oo Macalimiin Dugsi ahaa.

Bishii March, 5, Sanadkii 2012, wuxuu toogtay Wiilal Macalimiina oo Magacyadooda lagu sheegay,

1-Aadan Maxamed Nuur  ”Ina Isniino Aadan, waa 19 sanno jir
2-Cabdirisaaq Maxamed Shiikh AxmedIna Duniyo Isaaq, waa  18 sanno jir.
3-Cali Maxamuud Cilmi Ina Mako, waa 19 sanno jir).

Waxaa Magaalada Boosaaso Murtad Faroole uu ku toogtay April 30, 2013, 19 Qof inta la og yahay, waxaana Magacyadooda la hayaa.

1-Axmed Maxamed Cali (Mustaf) (Ina Canab) 18-jir.
2-Maxamed Maxamuud Saacadoole (Abu-hureyra).
3-Maxamed Abshir Cartan (Ina Aamino) 20-jir.
4-Cabdiraxmaan Maxamed Cali(Ina Mumino) 28-jir.
5-Cabdiqani Nuur Maxamed (Qorane)(Ina Ruqiyo) 23-jir.
6-Ruqiyo Xasan Maxamed Yuusuf (Ina Salaado Warsame) 25-jir.

Murtad C/fitaax

Dhagayso Cod Hore Murtad C/fitaax Xaaji Maxamuud Guddoomiyaha Maxkamadda Ciidamada Asha-haado ladirirka Puntland ee Magaalada Boosaaso oo horay xasuuqaan u shaaciyey Dhagayso Asaga oo leh Magaca Ilaahay iyo Magaca Puntland!, Subxaanallah, waxaa kaaga daran Quraanka Ilaahay ayuu ku cayaarayaa.

Dhagayso MP3 Murtad C/fitaax Xaaji Maxamuud Halkaan Riix Ama Guji

Dhagayso Codka Murtad C/fitaax Xaaji Aadan MP3 Halkaan Riix Ama Guji

Muuqaalka Wiilashii Garoowe Lagu Toogtay, (1-Aadan Maxamed Nuur ”Ina Isniino Aadan, waa 19 sanno jir2-Cabdirisaaq Maxamed Shiikh AxmedIna Duniyo Isaaq, waa 18 sanno jir.3-Cali Maxamuud Cilmi Ina Mako, waa 19 sanno jir).

Sheekh Xassan Takar Oo Wiilkiisu Uu Kamid Ahaa Wiilashii Boosaaso Lagu Xasuuqay,

Dhagayso Waraysiga Al-Muhaajir Sheekh Xassan Maxamuud Takar MP3 Halkaan Riix Ama Guji

DHAGAYSO: Sheekh Cali Dheere Oo Tacsi U Diray Qaraabada Dhalinyaradii Lagu Xasuuqay Boosaaso.

Dhagayso MP3 Halkaan Riix Ama Guji

C/laahi Shire 
Somalimidnimo.com 

XOGTA WARKA SOMALIMIDNIMO

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Banaadir Post.

SHIRIB:-Waxaan jeclaaday jubaland jiilaal abaarna joogi maayo!

25573668Aqooyahan gabyaa ah  ayaa  cabiray xaalada Jubbooyinka iyo ismarin waaga ka taagan Kismaayo.

Hadaba Aqris wacan Shiribka.

Intaad ujeeday Jaamacoow jarmaadayaa adoo jilbeysan

Waxaan jeclaaday Jubaland  jiilaal abaarna joogi maayo
Minaad jeclaatay Jubaland  walleen majoogo Jeeshki Kenyo
Intaan lajiifo oon la joogo  jidkaan tusaa jikaari maayo
Jufo adeeg ku jeenan doono ar maad kajoogtid waa jabkaahe
Maheey Jahiir ya Shiikh jawaanba jago rabaan an xeyga joojay
Jabhad abuur ya jaad cunoow  jinkood madhaaftid Jaamacoow
Rag woow jabaa woxoow jantee waxaan jafaa jidgooyadeyda
Ma ninkii jafaaliyaa jid yeesha  janan ya tuugba waa jiraane ?
Tobanki jeese reer januuni  ninkii dhexjooga yoow jawaabi
JAC YA KHEYR MID UUN KUJIIFO  JEEGO GOYN NA WAA JIRTAAHE
Jaljaleecsiyaan jalbeeb maraa  asaan jucsaa muggaan ujeedo
W.T-Xagaleey.
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Banaadir Post.

Faroole oo iska dhex arkay Idacaado Beeleedka Puntland “Radio Reer Hebel” amarna ku bixiyay in la xiro.

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Faroole oo amartay in la xiro sadex idaacadood oo ka howlgala dhulka hoos taga maamulkiisa arxanka daran.

Idaacadaha Daljir,One Nation iyo Codka Nabada ayaa lagu amray inay irdaha iskugu dhuftaan, Waxaana la xiri waayay Idaacada Barkulan oo leeyihiin kuwa xooga ku jooga gayiga Somaliyeed, kuna hadasha afka Igad iyo amisom.

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Faroole ayaa lagu xantaa inow u nugul yahay saxaafada,wuxuuna inta badan toos u caayaa saxaafada kuwa ka adkeeya,idaacadahan ayaa waxaa loo leeyahay qaab beeleed,”Radio reer Hebel” waxayna Faroole ku noqon doonytaa caqabad kale oo la kulmayo Faroole oo waqtigiiso dhawyahay.

Xarumaha Idaacadahan ayaa waxaa goor dhawayd tagey taliyayaal katirsan maleeshiyaadka Faroole.

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DHAGEYSO:- Faroole oo u gefay Diinta Islaamka!! “Ma dhamo Diinto laakiin Dastuurka Puntland waa dhan yahay”

https://newsfromsomalia.wordpress.com/2013/02/26/dhageyso-faroole-oo-diinta-islaamka-u-gefay-diinta-islaamka-ma-dhamo-diinto-laakiin-dastuurka-puntland-waa-dhan-yahay/

Banaadir Post.

PUNTLAND-DHAGEYSO:-Nabadoon Max`ed Max`uud Aadam: “Ictisaam ma Raaceyno ee waxan raaceynaa Kitaabka iyo Sunada”.

24880144Nabadoon Maxamad Maxamuud Aadam oo kamid ah wax garadka gobolka Bari ayaa gaashaanka u daruuray qorshe dicaayad ka dhan ah Mujaahidiinta oo ay Ictisaamku ka wadaan magaalada Boosaaso.

Nabadoonka ayaa sheegay in Ictisaamku fiicnaayeen shalay markii ay Towxiidka dadka ugu yeerayeen, laakin maanta ay u weecdeen dhanka Gaalada.

Wuxuu sheegay inaaney iyagu ahayn dadka iska raacaya hawada Ictisaamka, hayeeshee ay yihiin dad ku adoonsan in ay raacaan awaamiirta Allaah ee ah in loo gargaaro islaamka gaaladana bari laga noqdo.

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Halkan Ka Dhageyso Hadalka Nabadoonka.

Hadalka Nabadoonka ayaa kusoo aaday iyadoo Ictisaamku ay ku dhawaaqee in ay kamid noqonayaan garabyada shisheeye ee la dagaalsan mujaahidiinta.

Ictisaamku waxay kusoo caan bexeen faafinta dacwada gaar ahaan Towxiidka, haddana waxay u xuub siibteen la dagaalanka Towxiidkii ay shalay faafinayeen.

Waxaa daliil kuugu filan marka aad dhageysato hadaladoodii shalay. ninka maanta iclaamiyay dagaalka Mujaahidiinta waxaa Sh/ Axmad Cabdisamad, kaasoo shalay dhow ahaa nin fatwooday in la laayo hogaamiye kooxeedyadii Ashahaado la dirirka ee Muqdisho.

Maxay ku kala duwanyihiin Ashahaado la dirirayaashaasi uu Allaah jabiyay iyo kuwa Puntland jooga ee uu Mareykanku biilo, waa su’aal kamid ah su’aalaha ay ka xajiimoodaan Ictisaamka.

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Halkan Ka Dhageyso Hadalka Axmed C/samad.

Xigasho: Radio Alfurqaan.

Banaadir Post.

DHAGEYSO:- Faroole oo u gefay Diinta Islaamka!! “Ma dhamo Diinto laakiin Dastuurka Puntland waa dhan yahay”

VIDEO:-Taariikhda Sheekh Cali C/raxmaan Fiqi kheyre “Xaaji Cali Majeerteen”

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Ma sahlana in raadraac loo helo xiliga dhabta ah ee ay bilaabantay khilaafaadka ku qotoma diinta ee ka hanaqaaday gayiga Soomaaliya, tanoo loo aaneynayo qorid la?aanta taariikhda. Waxase suurtagal ah in la helo cadeymo muujin kara tixraac la oran karo qiyaas ahaan xiliyadaas ayay soo bilaabantay.

Marka laga yimaado arinta khilaafka, Soomaaliya waxa ay aheyd wadan Muslimnimada, ka sakow wada qaatay Mad-habta Shaaficiyada, tanoo sahashay in isku dhawaansho iyo xiriir adag dhex dhigto culumadii hore, iyadoo jiilba jiil ka dhaxlay diinta

Martabadihii ay soo martay diinta islaamku wadanka Soomaaliya ayaanan laheyn caqabado waaweyn oo la oran karay waa ay hor istaageen, waa marka aynu ka hadleyno Soomaalida gudaheeda, wallow marka la xusayo kaalintii ay ku lahayeen fidinta Islaamka Geeska Afrikada Bari, la helayo marxalado ad adag oo la oran karay waa soo wajaheen, iskuduubni iyo muslinnimo ayaanay uga gudbeen.

Sheekh Cali C/raxmaan Fiqi kheyre ayaa ummada ugu   baaqayey mid la mid ah dacwadii Sheekh Muxammad C/wahaab, waa Sheekh Cali C/raxmaan Fiqi kheyre, oo loo yiqiin (Xaaji Cali Majeerteen).

Sheekhani waxaa uu la kulmay ardaydii sheekh Muxammad C/wahaab, sheekhan taariikhdiisii iyo halgankiisii, kitaab ayuu Aw jaamac ka qoray, laba qaybood ka kooban: Qayb afsoomaali ah, iyo qayb afcarabi ah, sidaa darteed isaga inaan u noqdo ayuu I faray.

Mujadid Al-Xaaji Cali Cabdiraxmaan Faqi oo ku Magac dheeraa ama dadku u yaqaaniin (Xaaji Cali Majeerteen). Waxaa buugaas qoray Caalimka ku caan baxay uruurinta, xifdinta iyo qorista taariikhda Soomaaliyeed waa Sheekh Aw-Jaamac Cumar Ciise.

Xaaji oo ahaa Caalam noolaa intii u dhaxaysay dhamaandii 1700 iyo bilowgii 1800. Dadka wax ka qoray Xaaji Cali waxaa ka mid ahaa badmareen lagu magacaabi jiray Charles Guillain inuu kula kulmay Xaaji Cali 1840 magaalada Marka oo uu maanta ku aasan yahay Xaajigu gaar ahaan deegaanka Cagaaran oo uu weli ka taagan yahay masjidkii iyo deegaankii uu isaga iyo xertiisu ka dhisteen goobtaasi. Admiral Guillain wuxuu oo ah qoraagii ugu horeeyay oo taariikh tifatiran ee ku saabsan soomaaliya qoray ayaa buugiisa lagu magacaabo Documents sur L’Histoire, le Geographie et le Commerce de L’Afrique Orientale.

MA AKALO WAMAA UHILA IYO ARI QABUUREEDKA?

Kelmadaha ka muuqda tixdaas ayaa iskugu jira kalmad carabi (AKALO =CUNO) ah iyo aayada Qur?aanka ah (WAMAA UHILA LI KHEYRI LAAHI, suuratul, Maa?ida) micnaheeduna yahay (wixii aan magaca eebe weyne ka aheyn lagu gowraco).

Gebaygaan ayaa muujinaya in Xaaji Cali hardan kula jiray Dariiqadan Suufiyada ee Qabuuraha iyo siyaarooyinka badan quudan jiray, Xaajiga oo marka la sifeynayo lagu sheego in uu ka mid ahaa Salafiyiintii hore ee Soomaalida.

Diidmadaas Xaaji Cali oo xer badan lahaa, umad badana aflaxiyay, hadana lama cadeyn karin ama ma jirinba saameynta uu ku yeeshay Dariiqadan, waxaase cad in ay hore u soo socdeen halka aan la helin cid sii wada kaalintii Xaaji Cali.

YAMYAM IYO TAARIIKHDII SHEEKHA,RAXIIMULAAH.

CANDHO DOGOBLE GOORTAAN DILNUU ROOBKU NOO DA?AYE?.

Dilkii Shiikh Aweys waxa ay aheyd mid colaad xun ku dhex abuurtay labada Dariiqo, Dariiqada Qaadiriyadu awood ahaan ma hor istaagi Karin Saalixiyada, oo markaas awood Meliteri laheyd, balse sida la xuso waxaa jiray fatwooyin ay soo saareen wadaadii Qaadiriyada iyadoo laga sheegay in ay yiraahdeen ?Ninkii dila wadaad Saalaxiya ah waxa uu la mid yahay asagoo dilay kun gaal, Janada guri baa laga siiyaa?.

Waxaa hal mar daciifay awoodii Dariiqada Qaadiriyada, Sayid Maxamed-na maalin walba gabey hor leh ayuu u soo gudbin jiray Culimadii Qaadiriyada oo markaas wada hoos fadhiday dhulkii Gumeysigu gacanta ku hayay, halka kuwa kalena uu ka codsan jiray in ay Daraawiish iyo Saalixiyadiisa kusoo biiraan.

Gabey kale oo uu ku bidhaaminayay culimadii aan ku biirin Saalixiyadiisa, ee danahooda ka raacday, ayagoo aan dhag u jalaqsiin jihaadkii uu ku dhawaaqay, baladkana iska mushaaxayay, waliba magaalooyinka gacanta gumeysiga ku jiray, waatuu ku lahaa

CULUMADA SIDII BAANIYAAL, BALADKA MEEREYSA

BAABKII ALLAA LAGA AKHRIYEY, IN AY BALOOBEENE

INAY BELALKA NAARTII KU DHICI, BA?A EE YOW SHEEGA?

Banaadir Post

DHAGEYSO:- Faroole oo u gefay Diinta Islaamka!! “Ma dhamo Diinto laakiin Dastuurka Puntland waa dhan yahay”

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Abdirahman Faroole ayaa weerar nacasnimaa ku qaaday Diinta Islaamka,wuxuuna yiri ” Diinta Islaamka waa qabyo oo malaha xukunka xariga ,ganaaxa iyo dimoqoraadiyada laakiin Dastuurka Puntland waa leeyahay ,oo waa dhameeystiran yahay”!.

Maxaa ku dhacay ururka Ictisaam oo Faroole dagaal ula  gali waayeen,markii oo hadalkaas Faroole sheegayayay waxaa ag taaganaa rag badan oo sheegta ururka Icsitisaam oo  maalmahan sheegay inay dagaalo la gali doonaan dad aan Diinta Islaamka wax u dhibin inay wax u taraan  maahee!

Banaadir Post.

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MAQAAL:-Baroortu Orgiga Ka Wayn, Qaylada Ictisaam iyo Faroole Sheekh La dilay Ka Wayn!

24602338Marka hore waxaan u mahad naqayaa Allaah (SW) oo noo kala saaray xaqa iyo baadilka, ehelkoodana noo caddeeyay, Naxariis iyo Nabadgaliyo Nabi Maxamed Korkiisa ha ahaato, Intaa kadib.

Tan iyo Jimcihii aan soo dhaafnay ee todobaadkan oo magaalada Garoowe lagu dilay Sheekh C/qaadir Nuur Faarax kana mid ahaa culimada waawayn ee ururka Al-ictisaam, waxa laba laxaadsaday Caydii, Aflagaadadii, been’abuurkii iyo dagaalkii ay sida wada jirka ah u wadeen Ururka Al-ictisaam iyo Faroole isla markaana ay uga soo horjeedeen Mujaahidiinta Xaq u dirirka ee Shabaabul Mujaahidiin.

Isla saacaddii la dilay Sheekh C/qaadir ayay ku dhawaaqeen in dilka ay ka dambeeyeen Alshabaab, waxaanad mooday in ay sii ogaayeen oo ay sii diyaarsadeen waxay dhihi lahaayeen marka la dilo Sheekha, Qaylo ayay afka gacanta saareen, si ay dilka sheekha u marin habaabiyaan, dadkana ugu kicin lahaayeen Mujaahidiinta, wadaadada Al-ictisaam wixii xumaan calooshooda ku jiray ee Mujaahidiinta ay u hayeen waxba kumay harin, way soo butaaceen, wayna xad gudbeen.

Nin aan is lahaa wuxuu ku jiraa ragga ugu caqliga roon wadaadada Ictisaamka oo la yiraa Sheekh Cabdinaasir ayaa hadalo aan la yaabay oo deelqaaf iyo been abuur cad ah jeediyay, oo xataa caamadu aanay ka rumaysanayn, hadaladaasi oo ah in mujaahidiintu mukhaabaraadka gaalada la sheqeeyaan,  iyadoo gaal iyo islaamba meel kasta ha joogaane ay ogyihiin in mujaahidinta iyo gaalada aragti ka dhaxayso oo midna mid kale aanu badbaadinayn, midda kale wadaadkani wuxuu sheegay arin kale oo caruurta xataa aan lagu qaldi karin, taasi oo xaqiiqdeeda uu si cagsi ah u sheegay, waxayna ahayd in wadaadadoodu gacmo ku gabad yihiin oo gaalo ka baqayaan, rag mujaahidiinta ka mid ahna ay wadamada gaalada wareegayaan, arrintaasi oo markhaati uu uga dhiganayay in mujaahidiintu gaalo u sheqeeyaan.

Waxan leeyahay C/naasirow maad caddaalad samayn, sababtoo ah waxad ku raaxaysataa Garoowe iyo meelo la mid ah oo ah xarunta Ashahaado la dirirka isla markaana ay ka howlgalaan jawaasiista caalamka ee kala duwan, qaarkood waxay leeyihiin diyaarado lagula dagaalamo Mujaahidiinta Buuraha Golis. Sidoo kale waxad ogtahay in Sheekh C/qaadir Muumin oo ah Sheekh da’ wayn una dhashay gobolada Puntland in aanu kasoo bixi Karin Buuraha Golis, iskaba dhaaf isagee qaar ka mid ah ehelkiisa oo haween ah aad Garoowe ku xirateen oo Ictisaamkii yaqaanay ay Jaasuuseen.

Midda kale wadaadku wuxuu qaladka Mujaahidiinta u daliishaday dhaqaalaha ay ku dagaalamayaan inay wadamo shisheeye ka helaan, isagoo is waydiiyay siday ururyari intaasoo sanadood dowlado waawayn ula dagaalami karaan?  waxaanu isku dayay inuu dadkii dhagaysanayay ku qanciyo in mujaahidiintu dowlado shisheeye u shaqeeyaan, arrintaasi marka aan wadaadka uga jawaabo waxaan leeyahay, Mujaahidiinta Allaah ayaa arsaaqa, Allaah ayaanay talo saarteen, mana hogaamiyaan wadaado mashaariicaystayaal ah sida Ictisaamka oo kale oo afar jeeblayaal ah. Waxan ku waydiin lahaa dowladdii Nabi Maxamed (SCW) iyo Abii Bakar (RC) ee dowladaha waawayn la dagaalamayay yaa biilka siin jiray?

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Arrinta dhaqaaluhu waa wixii ugu badnaa ee ay ku hallaabeen wadaadada Ictisaamku, sababtoo ah waxa lacagta siin jiray Sacuudiga, waxaanu amar ku siiyay inay kala diraan ciidankooda mucaskaraadkoodana ay xiraan, taa badalkeedana lacag la siinayo, runtiina way aqbaleen oo waatii sida faahfaahsan uu inoogaga waramay Abu Ibraahim Maqaalkiisii uu cinwaaka uga dhigay “Masoo gaaray gaal iyo wadaad gaadh u wada taagan”. Wuxuu Abu Ibraahim sheegay in Lacag tiradeedu aad u badnayd la keenay mucaskaraadkii oo dhalinyadii lagu tashkiiliyay inay deegaanadooda ku laabtaan lacagna qaataan, sidoo kale waxa arintaasi ka dhawaajiyay Sheekh C/laahi Raabi markii uu ka waramayay taariikhda Itixaadka.

Waxan Kusoo gabogabaynayaa Ictisaamow Baroortiinu wadaad la dilay way ka wayntahay, Faroole arrintiisu way caddahay dadkana u dhuuman maayo in uu Ashahaado la dirir diin laawe ah uu yahay, laakiin Idinku bulshada waxaad ku Qaldaysaan shaati Culimo, waxan idinkula talinayaa arrintiinu waa aduunyo raadis ee xaasaskiina iska raacda oo Mujaahidiinta Iyo gaalada u kala baxa, dhiigiinana Mujaahidiinta ha ku kalifina.

Qalinkii: Khadar C/raxmaan (Abu Cali)

Email: abu-cali@hotmail.com

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SAWIRO:-Faroole oo Boosaaso laga diiday(NO FAROOLE OO FAR WAAWEYN LAGU QOREY)

Waxaa maanta ka socda magaalada Bosaso mudaaharaad ballaaran oo ay ka qaybqaateen dhalinyaro  badan, mudaaraadayaasha ayaa wata boorar ay soo daabacdeen oo ay ku sawiran yihiin sawiro looga soo horjeedo maamulka  Faroole,  waxaana ku qornaa No FAROOLE!!, FAROOLE DOONIMEYNO,OO FAR WAAWEYN LAGU QORAY., waxaana ay ku dhawaaqayaan halkudhigyo looga soo horjeedo dowladda isla markaana looga cabanayo dhibaatooyinka dhaqaale xumo iyo siyaasadeed ee dalka ka taagan.

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Hoos Ka Daawo Masawiro.

Isha Masawirada, Golaha Badbaadinta Puntland.

Clan federalism tears Somalia apart. BY:-Mohamud M Uluso.

24221809Clan politics, rivalry and hatred have ruined the social bond, moral principles and trust among Somalis who share common language, culture, territory, history, and religion. Now, three political manifestations -secession, clan based federalism and unitary decentralized political system- divide them and are obstacle to the recovery of the lost nation of Somalia.

The Provisional Constitution (PC) rejects secession, suggests voluntary federalism of regions while it establishes a unitary democratic central government. Respect of human rights, political and civil rights for all citizens, free market economic system, political pluralism, and promotion of peace constitute the basic foundation of the new constitution. The US diplomatic recognition of the government of Somalia gives impetus to the implementation of these goals and offers space and encouragement for internal unity and dialogue.

Therefore, the people of Somalia led by their farsighted and legitimate leaders have the responsibility to engage a national dialogue that aims to respond to the sentiments and anxieties underlying the three political manifestations so that strong Somalia can bargain with the International Community. In his 1963 book on Somali nationalism, Saadia Touval wrote, “Somali nationalism stems from a feeling of national consciousness in the sense of “we” as opposed to “they” which has existed among the Somalis for many centuries. It was nurtured by tribal genealogies and traditions, by the Islamic religious ties, and by conflicts with foreign people.” This kind of exceptional Somali nationalism is now needed more than ever. Bad faith political negotiations fail Somalia.

Today’s acrimonious relation among Somalis is in full public display. Late Said Osman Kenedid captured this sad situation when he said in his book “xusuusqor”, a Somali becomes foe of the other when clan diversity is discovered. This approximates the present social breakdown.

Clan federalism worsens the situation and tears Somalia apart. It’s an overstatement or wrong to claim that the PC has created a federal government for Somalia. Yes, article 1(1) stipulates the establishment of the Federal Republic of Somalia (FG). The stakeholders of this FG are the 4.5 clans represented by the 275 members of the Federal Parliament (FP) and not by Federal Member States (FMS), Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama, Ras Kamboni or other factions.

In accordance with articles 48 and 49 of the PC, the FP must enact a law establishing the parameters and conditions to be used for the establishment of FMS and appoint a commission that will study the issue. The findings of the commission will determine the options. Article 49 (6) sets only one parameter:The voluntary merger of two or more regions based on the 1991 boundaries can form a FMS. In the interim, FG will represent the country and administer the regions and districts.

Clan-based federalism is against many articles of the PC. For example it is against article 8 on the people and citizenship; Article 11 concerning equality of all citizens and prohibition of clan based discrimination; Article 21 on the freedom of movement and residence; Article 46 which prescribes that the power of self-governance begins and ends with the people.  Article 142 does not recognize in name the existing FMSs and harms national interest.

To appreciate the concept of federalism in Somalia, a review of the different views, motivations and perceptions propounded by Dighil and Mirifle and Harti Darod (Puntland) for their resolute support of federalism is helpful. In 1991, some politicians suggested a federal system between the two territories united on July 1, 1960.

Hizbia Dighil and Mirifle (HDM) Party of “Dighil and Mirifle clan” proposed in 1947 a clan-based federal system later debated in 1957 and rejected by the parliament. In his paper titled “the emergence and role of political parties in the inter-river region (1989),” Prof Mohamed H. Mukhtar noted that HDM divided the Somali Italian territory into two regions: North of the Shabelle River and South of it. Sheikh Abdullahi Sheikh Mohamed (Bogodi), founder of HDM told the Four Power Commission sent to Somalia in 1947 the following:

My people are those who behave themselves better than others.  We always prevent other people from making trouble or robbing. .. The Other people who are not Dighil and Mirifle, they may live and stay with us, but we want them behind us recognizing the land as belonging to us and not to them. One of the three things the founder requested the Commission was that “the country in which Dighil and Mirifle live always to be regarded as belonging to them  and if the government who live with them  wish anything from them they want the government to be discussed with them.”

As a result, HDM federalism was for land ownership and intended to take place between Dighil and Mirifle clan and the rest. No significant power was allowed to the central Government.

In May 1998, sub clan Harti Darod decided to form a “Puntland State” composed of five regions –Mudug, Nugal, Bari, Sol and Sanag- and to make “clan federalism” the national form of government. On October 9, 2010, Mr. Mohamed Abshir Waldo published a paper on Federalism: Birth of Puntland in which he put forward three reasons why Puntland decided to predetermine a federal system for Somalia. They are: (1) to heal and overcome the fear, hatred and distrust of the bloody civil war; (2) To take a middle solution between an autocratic, centralized system of government -which is an imaginary future government, and the outright secession of Somaliland. Sanag and Sol regions are claimed by Somaliland; 3. To emphasize district level socio economic development.

Residents in Puntland became divided into two categories: Puntland citizens and refugees. There was no economic, social political and legal study about the feasibility of a federal system for Somalia or preliminary discussion among Somalis. Mr. Waldo stressed that “It [the decision] was not borne out of emotion, clan sentimentalism or as resentment resulting from the clan cleansing massacre of thousands of people originating from the current Puntland regions that took place in what is now known as South-Central Somalia (SCS) mainly in Mogadishu.

Puntland State is now in confrontation with FG over the formation of Jubbaland State which will comprise three regions-Lower Jubba, Middle Jubba and Gedo and will be under the rule of Harti, Ogaden, and Marehan as the majority group out of 38 clans in the area.

As consequence, Bay, Bakol and Lower Shabelle regions will be under Dighil and Mirifle rule. Middle Shabelle, Hiran, and Galgudud regions will be under Hawiye rule. Togdher, North West, and Awdal regions will be under Isaq rule. In consideration of clan imagination, Mogadishu, the capital and seat of FG will be under sub-clan Abgal-Habargidir rule. To revive HDM federalism, a preparatory conference for a new State of six regions-Bay, Bakol, Gedo, Lower Jubba, Middle Jubba and Lower Shabelle is underway in Baidoa, Bay region.

Puntland federalism aims to deal with past and future “clan cleansing” and to control the central power if ever emerges. In Somalia, “clan cleansing” takes place every day as long as clans fight and people leave their homes for new destinations. It happened different parts of the country.

Somalia clan federalism resembles the clan division suggested by President Yuweri K. Museveni of Uganda in his letter dated July 15, 2009 for handling the Banyoro political grievance against Bafuruki in Banyuro region.  Banyoro are considered an indigenous (natives) clan, while Bafuruki (migrants/settlers) – a derogatory word- are Ugandan citizens whose ancestral land is not Banyuro region even if they they were born in it. The President proposed clan land ownership and ring-fencing the positions of local councils and Member of Parliament for the indigenous (native) Banyoro clan. This has raised firestorm inside and outside Uganda because it was seen as tribalism, unpatriotic and unconstitutional and later President Museveni backtracked.

The signs of many problems associated with clan federalism like violent minority dissent within are now visible in Puntland. In fact, clan federalism rather than solving the problems of bad governance expands them. Only Ethiopia, Nigeria, and South Africa practice clan based federalism in the African continent. A comparative study carried out in 2012 shows that African federalism fails for at least nine causes like a lack of commitment to democratic values and obstruction of the central government authority.

In the gloomy prospect for Somalia’s future, the observations of Saadia Touval about Somali nationalism provide pride and hope. He testified that Somali leaders were always striving to eradicate “political tribalism” because it was and still is detrimental to national harmony. In 1958, political parties with clan names were banned. He also stated that Somali leaders (northerners) gave up their privileged positions for the sake of realizing the broader nationalist goals of unifying the British and Italian territories in 1960. These kinds of patriotism are deeply rooted in the Somali culture and could re-emergence at the right moment like today.

Mr. MohamudM Uluso

mohamuduluso@gmail.com

24058027

MAQAAL XAQIIQ SHEEG AH:-Faa’iidadii Federaalka Ma Falalkaanaa?

https://newsfromsomalia.wordpress.com/2013/01/20/maqaal-xaqiiq-sheeg-ah-faaiidadii-federaalka-ma-falalkaanaa/